Artificial intelligence was proposed by philosophers and mathematicians such as George Bull, who presented laws and theories about logic. With the invention of electronic computers in 1943, artificial intelligence called the scientists of that time to a great challenge. With the invention of electronic computers in 1943, artificial intelligence called the scientists of that time to a great challenge. In this situation, it seemed that this technology would be able to simulate intelligent behavior.
Despite the opposition of a group of thinkers, with artificial intelligence who doubted its effectiveness, only after four decades, we saw the birth of chess machines and other intelligent systems in various industries.
Research in the field of artificial intelligence
The field of artificial intelligence research began in a workshop at Dartmouth College in 1956. Participants Alan Newell (Carnegie Mellon University), Herbert Simon (Carnegie Mellon University), John McCarthy (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Marvin Minsky (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and Arthur Samuel (IBM) became founders and research leaders in the field of artificial intelligence. Together with their students, they wrote programs that the press described as “amazing,” computers learned winning strategies for the game of checkers, solved algebra questions, proved logical theorems, and now speak English. In the mid-1960s, the US Department of Defense made heavy investments in the field of artificial intelligence research, and many laboratories were established around the world in that decade. The founders of artificial intelligence were optimistic about the future: Herbert Simon predicted that “within twenty years machines will be able to do anything a human can do”. Marvin Minsky wrote: “Within a generation… the problem of artificial intelligence will be basically solved.”
Naming artificial intelligence
The name artificial intelligence was invented in 1965 as a new knowledge. Of course, the activity in this field started in 1960. Most of the early research work in artificial intelligence was on playing games mechanically and proving mathematical theorems with the help of computers. At the beginning, it seemed that computers would be able to perform such activities only by using a large number of discoveries and searches for problem-solving paths and then choosing the best way to solve them.